Early humans spread beyond Africa

For the first several million years of human evolution, early humans lived only in Africa. By about 1.8 million years ago, they began to spread into other parts of the world. There they encountered new environments and new challenges. This Homo erectus skull from Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia, is one of the earliest skulls known outside of Africa.

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D2282
Exhibit item
Site: 
Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia
Date of discovery: 
1999
Discovered by: 
A team led by Leo Gabunia
Age: 
About 1.77 million years old
Species: 
Homo erectus