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This adult female, who died around the age of 30, was only a little over 1 m (3.5 ft) tall. Her brain, estimated at 400 cubic centimeters, was as small as those of chimpanzees and the smallest australopithecines. She had fairly large brow ridges, and her teeth were large relative to the rest of the skull. Her fossils consist of an almost-complete skull and partial skeleton that include her legs, hands, feet, part of her pelvis, and other fragments. LB-1 is the most complete H. floresiensis fossil found to date.
Site:Liang Bua, Flores, Indonesia
Date of discovery:2003
Discovered by:Wahyu Saptomo, Benjamin Tarus, Thomas Sutikna, Rokus Due Awe, Michael Morwood, and Raden Soejono
Age:18,000 years old
<bold>Most recent extinction</bold> This female’s head, like the rest of her body, was unusually small. Her brain was about a third the size of ours, but her species controlled fire, made tools, and hunted a variety of animals. The small stature of <italic>Homo floresiensis</italic> may have helped the species survive on an island with limited resources.