Bernard Wood

Adjunct Senior Scientist

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After qualifying as an MD in 1970, Bernard Wood practiced as a physician and surgeon before moving to full time research and teaching. He received his Ph.D. in 1975 and then worked as a faculty member in The University of London, becoming University Reader in Anatomy in 1978, and S.A. Courtauld Professor of Anatomy in 1982. In 1985 he moved to The University of Liverpool as the Derby Professor of Anatomy and the Head of the Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Biology, and in 1996 he was appointed Dean of the Medical School of The University of Liverpool. In 1997 he moved to the USA when he was appointed Henry R. Luce Professor of Human Origins and Professor of Human Evolutionary Anatomy at the George Washington University (GWU), and Adjunct Senior Scientist at the National Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian Institution. In 2006 he was appointed GWU Professor of Human Origins. In 2007 he was elected an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. He is presently the Director of GWU's Hominid Paleobiology Graduate program and of the Center for the Advanced Study of Hominid Paleobiology. His research focuses on hominin systematics, and in particular on ways to improve the reliability of hypotheses about the relationships among fossil hominins. He is also interested in improving the accessibility of information about the hominin fossil record.

Publications: 

Diogo, R., Wood, B.A., Aziz. M.A., Burrows, A., 2009. On the origin, homologies and evolution of primate facial muscles, with a particular focus on hominoids and a suggested unifying nomenclature for the facial muscles of the Mammalia. Journal of Anatomy 215, 300-319.

Quam, R., Bailey, S., Wood, B., 2009. Evolution of M1 crown size and cusp proportions in the genus Homo. Journal of Anatomy 214, 655-670.

Skinner, M.M., Gunz, P., Wood, B.A., Boesch, C., Hublin, J.J., 2009a. Discrimination of extant Pan species and subspecies using the enamel-dentine junction morphology of lower molars. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140, 234-243.

Skinner, M.M., Gunz, P., Wood, B.A., Hublin, J.J., 2009b. How many landmarks? Assessing the classification accuracy of Pan lower molars using a geometric morphometric analysis of the occlusal basin as seen at the enamel-dentine junction. Frontiers of Oral Biology 13, 23-29.

Skinner, M.M., Wood, B.A., Hublin, J.J., 2009c. Protostylid expression at the enamel-dentine junction and enamel surface of mandibular molars of Paranthropus robustus and Australopithecus africanus. Journal of Human Evolution 56, 76-85.

Strait, D.S., Weber, G.W., Neubauer, S., Chalk, J., Richmond, B.G., Lucas, P.W, Spencer M.A., Schrein, C., Dechow, P.C., Ross, C.F., Grosse, I.R., Wright, B.W., Constantino, P., Wood, B.A., Lawn, B., Hylander, W.L., Wang, Q., Byron, C., Slice, D.E., Smith, A.L., 2009. The feeding biomechanics and dietary ecology of Australopithecus africanus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science U S A 106, 2124-2129.

Wood, B., 2009. Where does the genus Homo begin, and how would we know? In: Grine, F.E., Fleagle, J.G., Leakey, R.E. (Eds.), The First Humans: Origins of the Genus Homo. Springer, New York, pp 17-28.

Diogo, R., Abdala, V., Lonergan, N., Wood, B.A., 2008. From fish to modern humans--comparative anatomy, homologies and evolution of the head and neck musculature. Journal of Anatomy 213, 391-424.

Gordon, A.D., Nevell, L., Wood, B., 2008. The Homo floresiensis cranium (LB1): size, scaling, and early Homo affinities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 105, 4650-4655.

Lague, M.R., Collard, N.J., Richmond, B.G., Wood, B.A., 2008. Hominid mandibular corpus shape variation and its utility for recognizing species diversity within fossil Homo. Journal of Anatomy 213(6):670-685

Lucas, P., Constantino, P., Wood, B., Lawn, B., 2008a. Dental enamel as a dietary indicator in mammals. Bioessays 30, 374-385.

Lucas, P.W., Constantino, P.J., Wood, B.A. 2008b. Inferences regarding the diet of extinct hominins: structural and functional trends in dental and mandibular morphology within the hominin clade. Journal of Anatomy 212, 486-500.

Nevell, L. Wood, B., 2008. Cranial base evolution within the hominin clade. Journal of Anatomy 212, 455-468.

Robson, S.L., Wood, B., 2008. Hominin life history: reconstruction and evolution. Journal of Anatomy 212, 394-425.

Skinner, M.M., Gunz, P., Wood, B.A., Hublin, J.J., 2008a. Enamel-dentine junction (EDJ) morphology distinguishes the lower molars of Australopithecus africanus and Paranthropus robustus. Journal of Human Evolution 55, 979-988.

Skinner, M.M., Wood, B.A., Boesch, C., Olejniczak, A.J., Rosas, A., Smith, T.M., Hublin, J.J., 2008b. Dental trait expression at the enamel-dentine junction of lower molars in extant and fossil hominoids. Journal of Human Evolution 54, 173-186.

Wood, B., 2008. Which is more 'evolved' in modern humans, the hand or the foot? Foot and Ankle Surgery 14, 142-144.

Wood, B., Lonergan, N., 2008. The hominin fossil record: taxa, grades and clades. Journal of Anatomy 212, 354-376.